九号BBIN体育

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        九号BBIN体育

        发布时间:2020-04-04 07:58:25 文章来源:华夏生活 阅读次数:582

          九号BBIN体育Figure1 ChangesofCPIandCoreCPIfromJanuarytoSeptember2013Source:NationalBureauofStatistics,rvicepriceswentupconsiderablyFromJanuarytoSeptember,%,yearonyear,%%,,%ofCPIgrowth,,theupsantorsasunusualweather,naturaldisasterandholidays,thepricesoffreshvegetables,amongothers,increasedfrom10%%onyear-on-yearbasisinFebruaryandMarch,;afterJune,vegetablepricesgrewinafluctuatingway,yearonyear,%inSeptember,,asbreedingscaleofcattleandsheephasbeenconstrainedinChinabyresourceconditionsinrecentyears,andbecauseofthelongerbreedingperiod,highercostandweakconsumptionsubstitutioneffect,themarketsupplyanddemandh,intervenedbyfrozenmeatpurchaseandstoragecontinuallyconductedbythestate,thepiggrainratioroseagainabovethebreak-evenpoint,facilitatingthereboundingofporkpricesfromneg,thefluctuationsinriseofpricesofmeat,poultryandrelatedmanufacturedproductsinthefirstthre,theriseofpricesofmeat,,%ofCPIgrowthinthesamemonth(Table1).Table1 ContributionofY-on-YRiseofPricesofFreshVegetable,Meat,PoultryandRelatedProductsandPorktoCPIfromJanuarytoSeptember2013ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo210,2012(Total4212)alCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChina,Chinahasmaderemarkableprogressinissuesrelatingtoagriculture,soverallagriculturalproductivityhasincreasedsubstantially,farmerslivingstandardshavebeensignificantlyraised,importantheadwayhasbeenmadeinmodernizingagricultureandbuildingsocialistnewruralareas,andthebalancebetweenvelopmentwasatitsbest,,achievementsrelatingtoagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersaremainlydemonstratedinthefollowingfiveaspects:,Chinasgrainoutputhasincreasedcontinuouslyfor9years,,,,oil,sugar,meat,eggsandmilkhavemadeanewbreakthrough,aincomeDuetothecombinedeffectofvariousfactors,,theaverageannualgrowthhasexceeded8%.Farmersincomestructureexperiencedremarkablechanges,withthesourcesofincomegrpercapitanetincomeincreasedfrom36%in2005to41%in2010;between2005and2010,theaveragecontributionofwageincometofarmers%.Ruralmigrantworkerscontinuouswageincoincomegrowthandimprovementinruralmarketcirculation,andunderthenationalpolicytospurruralconsumption,ruralconsumptiondemandrosesignificantly,andfarmers,thetwoexemptionsandonesubsidypolicy(liesfrompayingtuitionandmiscellaneousfees,andtoprovidelivingsubsidiesforboarders)concerningruralcompulsoryeducationhasbeenfullyimplement,thethreesystems,namelythenewruralcooperativemedicalsystempilotedin2003,theminimumsubsistenceallowancessystemfullyestablishedin2007andthenewruralpensionschemepilotedin2009,realizedfullcoveragein2012;othersocialsecurityschemessuchasruralfiveguarantees(,clothing,housing,medicalcareandburialexpensesforold,weak,orphaned,widowedordisabledruralresidentswhoareunabletoworkandhavenofamilysupport.)alsorapidlydevelopedandadvanced;withtheimplementationofgovernmentresponsibilityinruralresidentssocialsecurity,wishesoverthepastthousandsofyears,,beingprovidedforatoldage,beingproperlytreatedwhenill,andbeingassistedwhileindifficultcircumstances,,notableprogressismadeinconstructionofwater,electricity,roads,,benefitingfarmers,andenrichingruralareasFirstly,inordertoguaranteefoodmarketsuppliesandsecuregraingrowersbenefits,theStatehasi,inresponsetothepricedecreaseanddifficultsaleofcertainagriculturalproducts,temporaryprocurementandstoragemeasureshavebeentakenforcorn,soybean,,,the,subsidycategorieshaveextendedtopaddyrice,wheat,corn,rape,cotton,potatoes,peanuts,highlandbarley,pigs,,subsidiesforgrowingimprovedvarietiesofpaddyrice,wheat,,inordertoaccelerateagriculturalmechanization,subsidiesforpurchaseofagriculturalmachineryandtoolswereestablished,farmerswhopurchasedadvancedagriculturalmachineryandtoolswouldbegrantedsubsidies,andcategoriesofsubsidizedagriculturalmachineryandtoolskeptincreasing,,thecentralgovernmeofagriculturalcapitalgoodssuchasfertilizeranddiesel,in2006,thecentralgovernmentofChina,,,whichplayedasignificantroleinmobilizingfarmersinitiativetogrowgrainsandinpromotingcontinualannualincreaseingrainproductionandfarmersincome,,fromthepilotmeasuresmadein2000tooverallimplementationin2003andthentothecompleteabolishmentofagriculturaltaxin2006,ittook6yearsfortheagriculturaltaxreformtoterminatethe2600-year-oldpracticeofpayinggraintaxtothegovernment.Concomitantreformsoftownandtownshipgovernmentbodies,ruralcompulsoryeducation,countyandtownshipfinancialmanagementsystem,,ruraldebtdissolution,,in2004,gra,thereformintenureofcollectiveforestsmademajorbreakthroughs,andthereformgoalsofclearlydefiningthepropertyrightsan,ovincialgovernments,thefirststageofmanagementsystemreformwentthroughsuccessfullyforruralcreditcooperatives,nomicsectors,includingfarming,forestry,livestockhusbandry,side-occupation,fishery,theirrelatedproductions,processingandcommercializationactivities,,,significantprogresswasmadeinprotectingruralmigrantworkers,majorlawsandregulations,includingGuidelinesoftheStateCouncilonSolvingMigrantWorkersProblems,EmploymentPromotionLawofthePeoplesRepublicofChina,LaborContractLaw,SocialInsuranceLaw,LaborDisputesMediationandArbitrationLawandsoon,havebeensuccessivelypromulgated,andamendmentshavebeenmadetoRegulationsonWork-relatedInjuryInsurance,sothataproperlegalframeworkwasformedtoaddressruralmigrantworkersd,andmigrantworkersaccesstovocationalskilltraining,employmentguidance,socialsecurity,andsuchservicesaseducationoftheirchildren,familyplanning,diseasepreventionandsoonhavebeensignificantlyimproved. 

          ByWangHui,GeneralOfficeofDRC,andJiaTaoWangJicheng,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo82,2012Currently,Chinaspolicytowardsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)hasscoredsomesuccessinrelievingburdensandovercomingdifficulties,includingreductionoftaxesandfees,subsidygranting,easingoffinancialstraitsandimprovementofbusinessenvironments,,skilltrainingandbusinessstartuptraining,heirmanagementofhumanresourcesandraisetheirmanagementlevels,butalsoanimportantchannelforimprovingtheskilltrainingandvocationaleducationsystem,nurturingmanagementpersonnelandimprovingworkersqualities,whichareofvitalimportancetoSMEsinenhancingtheirabilitiesforexistence,,trainingservicestoSMEsareofspecialstrategicimportancetotheimplementationofthestrategyofreinvigoratingChinathroughhumanresourcedevelopment,theconstructionofChinaintoaninnovation-orientedcountry,theaccelerationofthedevelopmentofburgeoningserviceindustries,theconstructionofharmoniousindustrialrelationsandthebo,SMEsrrvicesystemforSMEsisanimportantmeansforimprovingthedevelopainingservicesystemforSMEsisacompletesystemwhichincludesSMEsasdemanders,traininginstitutionsassuppliers,variouskindsoftrainingorganizationssuchasskilledworkersschools,aswellasgovernmentservicedepartments(institutions)ascoordinatorsforSMEsandrelevantpolicyresources,,withthegradualimprovementofpoliciestowardSMEsandinneedoftheenterpriserestructuringandupgradingandmarketcompetition,rapidprogresshasbeenmadeinChinainthegrowthoftrainingservicestoSMEs,andabusinessstartupandtrainingservicesystemhastakenshapeinitiallyunderthepositiveguidanceofboththeCentralGovernmentandthelocalgovernments,withthewideparticipationbysocializedtrainingentitiesaswellasthesoundinteractionbetweenthegovernmentandthemarket,coveringskilltraining,,over11millionSMEshaveregisteredinChina,withtheself-employedinexcessof34million,mostofwhicharesmallinscale,,agrowingnumberofenterpriseshavefullycometorealizethatpersonneltrainingcanhelprealizemanagementenhancement,technologicalprogressandimprovementofeffectivenes(PrivateEnterprises)conductedbythecityofWuxiindicatesthatin201082%ofsurveyedenterprisesintendedtogivevocationaltrainingtotheiremployeesandthepercentageofsuchenterprisesreached98%,businessmanagement,marketingandprofessionalskillsaccountedfor47%,38%and22%,,by2010,thesizeofthebusinessmanagementandtrainingservicemarkethadreachedtheamountof75billionyuanorsoinChinaandmaintainedanaverageannualgrowthof25%oraboveonthewhole,%,particularlyformanagementtrainingandaredesiroustotaptheirmanagementpotentials,enhancetheirmanageme,theycanbedividedintothreetypes:first,trainingcompanieswithcorporatecapacities,whicharemarket-orientedandprovidecommercialtrainingservices;second,institutions,suchasskilledworkersschoolsandprofessionalschools,whichareanimportantintegralpartofChinasvocationaleducationsystemandaremarket-orientedandprovidecommercialtrainingservices;andthird,non-profittraininginstitutionssetupb,trainingcompanies,focusedmainlyonmanagementtraining,canprobefullyintoenterprisedemandandarebettermarket-adaptedand,byadoptingsuchservicepatternsasinternaltraining,openclasses,distanceeducationandjudgmentandconsultationinaflexibleway,canbettermeetthepersonalizeddemandsofenterprises,,000managementtrainingcompaniesinChina,rt,thetraininginstitutions,suchasskilledworkersschools,havearelativelygoodnumberofteachersandarecenteredonskilltraining,tupforboostingemploymentandmeetinglocaldemandforspecifichard-sough,therehadbeen2,988skilledworkers;therehadbeen3,192jobtrainingcentersand20,000privately-runtraininginstitutions,,thenumberofsuchinstitutionshadreached525,andnearly1/3oftheprovinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitieshavepreliminarilysetupservicesystemsatprovincial,,dependentontheirresourcesanddiplomaeducation,manycollegesanduniversitiesandresearchinstitutionsprovidetrainingservicesmainlyforentrepreneursofSMEsandforhighermanagementpersonneland,suchservicesare,inessence,animportantro,theCentralGovernmentandthelocalg,manyplaceshaveunveiledpersonnelplansandpoliciesondevelopmentofSMEsandhavetakeninnovationmethods,rationalizingofmechanismsandenla,theCentralGovernmentandlocalgovernmentshavegivensomebasicandnon-profittrainingactivities,suchastheGalaxyTrainingProgrambytheCentralGovernment,ExpertiseUpdatingProgramandtheManagementUpgradingPlanforSMEs,stypesofentrepreneurs,andShenzhenhascarriedouttrainingofleadingtal,Chinahas,atpresent,initiallyformedthetrainingservicesystemforSMEs,reflectingthepositiveresultsachievedinrecentyearsthroughtheimplementati,hugeandurgenttrainingdemandfromSMEshasbeenarealisticbasis,supportandinputfromtheCentralGovernmentandthelocalgovernmentshavebeenanimportantguarantee,andtheunremittingmodelinnovationbytraininginstitutionsparticularlybymarket-orientedtrainingenterpriseshasbeenthesourceofvitality.Source:StatisticalbulletinsoftheStateandrelevantprovinces,,whengivingdueconsiderationforeconomicperformanceanddevelopmenttrendsathomeandabroad,actinarightwaytoproperlyhandletherelationshipsbetweentheshort-termgrowthandtheimprovementofthelong-termcompetitivepowerandamelioratethemechanismfrces,scaleoflanduse,environmentalprotection,productquality,safetyproduction,sofinnovationsoastobringdownproductioncostandreducepollutionandtofinallyrealizetheindustrialtransformationandupgrading(Gardiar,1994).Weshouldtakeprecautionsagainsttheuseofsubsidiesanddemand-stimulantpoliciesunfavorabletotheenhancementoftheindustrialde,onthepremiseofgivingplaytotherolesofenterprisesasthemainstay,weshouldconstructsystematicinnovation-incentivepolicies,institutionalenvironmentsandatmospheresofpublicopinion,encouragetheimprovementoftechnicalinnovation,managementinnovation,marketinginnovation,businesspatterninnovationandinstitutionalinnovation,guidelow-endproductionsectorstostepuptechnicaltransformation,efficiencyenhancementortransfertolower-costregions,developmid-andhigh-endlinksandindustriesgeneratinghigheraddedvalue,formreasonabledivisionoflaboramongindustrialchains,properlyhandleeconomicandsocialissuesbroughtaboutbyenterpriseclustersandwithdrawalofbackwardcapacities,breakdownroadblocksandtransfetlyfacingenterprisesincoa,uchexternalfactorsasadjustmentofexchangeratesandreductionofoverseasdemand,widenughtaboutbyenterpriseswithmanagementdifficoductionandbusinessoperationandguidethemtoimprovetheirbusinessmanagementandinnovationIndustrialTransformationandUpgradinginCoastalRegionsofSoutheastChinaInlightofthefieldsurveysinthecoastalregionsofsoutheastChina,itcanbejudgedthatthereexist"threeextrusions",manymanufacrealestatemarketbyleapsandbounds,manyenterprisesnolongermakeinvestmentinvariousindustriesandhaveturned"sidelines"into"majors".Thus,agreatdealofnongovernmentalcapitalhasaggregatedinthefieldofthevirtu,however,isapttocausesthatamong7industries,suchasthemanufacturingindustry,theminingindustry,theconstructionindustry,thefinancialindustry,therealestateindustry,thecommunicationsandtransportationindustry,thewarehousingandpostalservice,thepowerindustryandtheproductionandsupplyofgasandwater,themanufacturingindustrymaintainedamaximumofthereturnofcapitalduring1993~1997,whilethereturnofcapitaloftherealestateindustryandthefi,inparticular,hasmaintainedahighestreturnofcapitalsince2003(Figure1).Thisiswhyquiteanumberofenterprisesandcapitalhavebeenputintothefinancialandtherealestateindustries.九号BBIN体育 


          ByFanXuezhi,TaskForceon"ImprovingMechanismfortheConstructionandManagementofSmallWaterConservancyWorks",ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCResearchReportNo95,Five-YearPlanperiod,,theconstructionofwaterconservancyworksscalednewheights,,,thesmallwaterconserv,ilitiesforthecontinuousconstructionoflargeirrigatedareasandtransformedthesupportingandwater-savinrrigatedareabyanaccumulativetotalof50millionmu,improvedanirrigatedareaof190millionmu,increasedthewater-savingirrigationareaby85millionmuandraisedtheefctively75%and90%ofthenationaltota’,municipalitiesandautonomousregions,theabsoluteamountofwaterconservancyinvestmentsmadebyvariouslocalitiesinrecent5yearshasincreasedsubstantiallyinyearsrunning,andsuchinvestmentshavebeenmainlymadeinfarmlandirrigation,consolidationofdangerousreservoirs,landreclamation,,sincethe11thFive-YearPlanperiod,yworksinSichuanprovince,makingup14%,theinvestmentbythecentralgovernmentamountedto755millio,%%icesystem,theinvestmentintheconstructio,theinvestmentintheconstructionofwaterconservancyworksatvariouslevelsaddeduptoonly67millionyuaninJiangsu,ofwhichtheinvestmentbythecentralgovernmentaccountedfor10millionyuan,theinvestmentbytheprovincialgovernmentaccountedfor10billionyuan,,theinvestmentbythecountygovernmentsaccountedfor43millionyuanandtheself-raisedfundsfromthefarmersamountedto42millionyuan,makingup62%,bytakingtheestablishmentofkeycountiesfortheconstructionofsmallwaterconservancyworksastheturningpoint,theJiangsuprovincialgovernmenthasintensifieditsfinancialinvestmentefforts,adjusteditsinvestmentstructureandchangedthefarmer-labor-orientedconstructionofsmallwaterconservancyworksinthepasttothepresentconstructionbasedmainlyonpublicinvestment,,cyworksinJiangsu,being27timesthatin2005,ofwhichtheinvestmentbythecentralgovernmentreached376millionyuan,makingup21%,theinvestmentbytheprovincialgovernmentreached674millionyuan,makingup37%,theinvestmentbybothmunicipalandcountygovernmentsreached717millionyuan,makingup39%,%mentpatterntakesitsinitialshapeAccordingtothesurveymadebytheresearchgroup,duringthe11thFive-yearPlanperiod,ofthewaterconservancyinvestmentsin6provinces,municipalitiesandautonomousregionsincludingChongqing,Jiangxi,Hubei,Anhui,GansuandInnerMongolia,%,%,%andt%.Inrecentyears,withthewideningcoverageofpublicfinanceinruralareas,thecentralgovernmenthasevidentlyincreaseditsinvestmentintheconstructionofsmallwaterconservancyworks,,thecentralgovernmentsetupaspecialsubsidyfundfortheconstructionofs~2010,,,sincethelaunchingofinvestmentprojectbythecentralgovernmentfortheconstructionofsmallwaterconservancyworks,,theareaofincreasedandrestoredeffectiveirrigatedlandshasreachedmorethan52millionmu,morethan59millionmuofeffectiveirrigatedareashavebeenrecla,mallwaterconservancyworks,ofwhichtheinvestmentbythecentralgovernmentamountedto378millionyuan,theinvestmentbytheprovincialgovernmentamountedto262millionyuan,theinvestmentbymunicipalandcountygovernmentsamountedto67milliony,atotalof803millionyuanofinvestmentwasmadefortheconstructionofsmallwaterconservancyworksinHubei,ofwhichtheinvestmentbythecentralgovernmentreached321millionyuan,theinvestmentbytheprovincialgovernmentreached168millionyuan,theinvestmentbymunicipalandcountygovernmentsreached84millionyuanandthefarmers’self-raisedfundspaidbylaborreached230millionyuan;andt,37countiesinHubeihavebeenplacedamongthekeycountiesnationwidefortheconstructionofsmallwaterconservancyworks,withtheinvestmentbyvariouskindsofmajorunitstotalingmorethan1billionyuan,ofwhich42%,duringthe11thFive-YearPlanperiod,theWaterConservancyDepartment,theDepartmentofLandResources,thePovertyAlleviationDepartmentandtheDepartmentforComprehensiveAgriculturalDevelo,%,,,,apatternofinvestmentforsmallwaterconservancyworkshasnowtakeninitialshapeinvariouslocalities,withcentralgovernmentspendingholdingadominantpositionandotherspendingundertakenbygovernmentsatvariouslevelsandwiththeparticipationbyallrelevantdepartments.--Ananalysisofeconomicsituationinthefirstquarterof2013andprospectsforthewholeyearDRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceDespitetheoveralleconomicupturnworldwidesince2013,structuralcontradictionsandriskshaveincreasedintheChineseeconomy,whenreductionoflong-andmedium-termpotentialgrowthrat,weshouldaimthemacroeconomicpoliciesatproperlyhandlingtherelationshipsbetweenstableeconomicgrowth,,throughadoptingrelevantreformmeasures,releasethegrowthpotential,consolidateinvestmentandincreaseconsumption;innovateonsectoralregulationpatterns,activelyandsteadilymitigateovercapacityandfacilitatethereadjustmentofeconomicstructure;adoptthepolicyofstoppinguploopholeswhileopeningupnewchannelssoastograduallyreleasefinancialrisks,toconstantlyimprovethequalityofgrowthandeconomicbenefitan%Inthefirstquarter,theglobaleconomicperformancetookaturnforthebetter,whichhelpedtodriveforwardthe,theChineseeconomyiswitnessingareductionoflong-andmedium-termpotentialgrowthratesintertwinedwiththeweakrecoveryoftheshort-termeconomiccycle,increasedstructuralcontradictionsandrisksas,stableinvestment,theupturnperformanceofworldeconomyandpublicexpectationsforeconomicimprovement,China%inthefirstquarter,whichisalittlelowerthaninQ42012,%.orscoexistedwithnegativeonesPositivefactorsonthedemandsideincluded:first,exportgrowthroseevidently,%,,China,infrastructureandrealestateinvestmentmaintaineditsupturnmomentum,andthenominalgrowthexceeded20%.Theurbanfixedassetinvestmentmaintainedasteadygrowthand,amongothers,investmentgrowthspeededupinChina,,,%,,,duringthefirstquarter,%,soverallgrowthrate,,accountingforanaverageratioof34%overrecent5years,anditwill,incaseofacontinuousdownturn,insomeindustriesIncontrasttothedifferentiationofthedemandside,,theyear-on-yearaccumulativegrowthoftheindustrialaddedvaluehadremainedat10%,importantindustrialproductssuchasautomobiles,steel,cement,integratedcircuit,powerandcommunicationequipment,stsintheinteractiverelationshipbetweensupplyanddemand,,enterpriseswi,,thecontinuityoftheriseininventoryisdetermpo,,,thecapacityutilizationinsuchindustriesassteel,automobile,cement,nonferrousmetal,textile,hsectorsasinfrastructureandrealestate,whichareanimportantdrivingforcefordemandgrowth,,excessivelyrapidgrowthofdemand,ifany,islikelytostimulatethegrowthofinvestmentinovercapacityindustries,mprovethecapacityutilizationtoacertainextentwithoutincurringenormousinvestmentstimulusbutgainingtimeforthereduction%Theworldeconomicsituationisbetterthanlastyear,boththetertiaryandmanufacturingindustriesareexpanding,andthecapacityutilizationhashitanall-timehighover62monthstime;therealestatesectorcontinuestorevive,withthehousingsalesreachingarecordhighover39months;theemploymentfigurehasreachedthepre-crisislevel,%;andcorpor,thePMIofEurozonesserviceandmanufacturingindustries,theeconomicboomindexaswellastheinvestmentconfidenceindexalldroppedinMarch,d,thereturnrateofnationaldebttreasurybondsofvariousEurozonecountrieswentdownnotably,bytheShinzoAbegovernment,,,theeconomicobserverprospectsindexadandfourthquarterslastyear;andinFebruary,PMIsoftheBRICcountriesalltopped50,suggestingthew,itispredictedthatChinasexportgrowthwillreachabout10%....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite. 

        九号BBIN体育ByXuanXiaowei,ResearchTeamon"AnIndicatorSystemforScientificDevelopmentEvaluation",DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo93,"CoreIndicatorSystemforScientificDevelopmentEvaluation""coreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation"shouldbecenteredonthe"people-oriented"conceptConstructionofthecoreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluationmustfundamentallyref,onemustfirstunderstandwhythe"people-oriented""people-oriented"conceptisattheheartofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentembodiesthefundamentaltheoryofMarxisthistoricalmaterialism,reflectsthePartysprimarypurposeofservingthe,canpeoplefullyandcorrectlyunderstandthescientificoutlookondeve"coreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation"mustbecenteredonthe"people-oriented"concept,andtomakeclearsinterestsindevelopment,adheretodevelopmentforandbythepeople,andtobringthebenefitofdevelopmenttoallthepeople,soastoenablethemassall-rounddevelopmentastheultimategoalofeconomicandsocialdevelopment;thereforeweshouldnotonlyfocusonpeoplesmaterialandculturalneeds,butalsoonboostingpeople,weshouldconstantlyendeavortoupliftpeoplesqualityandcapability,which,inturn,"People-oriented"and"Maslowshierarchyofneeds"Thefactthatthecoreofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentisthepeople-orientedconceptpointsouttheorientationandfundamental,whilethe"people-oriented"conceptprovidesonlytheorientationoftheevaluationsystem,westillneedtoma"Maslowshierarchyofneeds"toillustratetheconnotationsofthe"people-oriented"shierarchyofneeds,alsocalled"hierarchyofbasicneeds",isabehaviortheoryputforwardbyAmericanpsychologistAbrahamMaslowinapaperentitled"ATheoryofHumanMotivation",therearephysiologicalneeds,safetyneeds,loveandbelonging(needstobeinsocialgroups),esteem(needsforrespect),shierarchyofneedshasitsownlimitationsandwedontcompletelyagreewithMaslowsargumentthatdiverseneedsarehierarchical,hisviewsonclassificationofneedsaswellasthecontentsconcernedcanbeborrowedtoenrichthe"people-oriented"concept,providingvaluablereferencefor"FiveCivilizations","Five-AccessSociety"and"coreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation"Asclearlystatedabove,the"people-oriented"concept,whichisattheheartofthescientificoutlookondevelopment,providesthefundamentalprinciplefortheconstructionofthecoreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation,andwemayrefertoMaslowshierarchyofneedstoillustratethe"people-oriented",inwhatspecificwaysshouldthe"people-oriented"conceptbeimplementedHowcantheessenceoftheconceptbematerializedWhataretheprioritizedfieldsforthecoreevaluationsystemundercurrentcircumstancesBearingthesequestionsinmind,wewilldiscusstheoverallpictureandpressingissuesregardingthecoreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluationfromthetwoaspectsof"FiveCivilizations"and"Five-AccessesSociety".(1)"FiveCivilizations"encompassallthefieldscoeandpracticeintheprocessofChinayofChina(CPC),itwaspointedoutthatweshouldendeavortobuildsocialistspiritualc"aprosperous,strong,democraticandculturallyadvancedcountry"dinateddevelopmentofmaterial,politi,JiangZeminsetthedevelopmentofsocialistdemocraticpoliticsandconstructionofsocialistpoliticalcivilizationasthetforwardthegoalofpushingforwardcoordinateddevelopmentofsocial,economic,politicalandculturalconstruction,"ecologicalcivilization",political,spiritual,socialandecologicalcivilizations;theyinteractandmutuallyinfluenceeachother,,materialcivilizationreferstomaterialachievementsofmankindintheprocessoftransformingnature,,thefartherawaypeoplearefromthewilderness,andthelessdependanttheyareonnature,ctice,asr,policies,ntransformingtheobjectiveandsubjectiveworlds,,inthebroadsense,meanspeoplesenlightenedstateandprogressattained,thesumofhumanachievementsintransformingtheobjectiveandsubjectiveworlds,anintegrationofmaterial,politicalandspiritualcivilizations;inthenarrowsense,itisparallelwithmaterialcivilization,politicalcivilizationandspiritualcivilization,"socialcivilization"sachievementsinimprovingtheecologicalenvironmentbyfollowingthelawthatman,re,betweenpeoplethemselves,andbetweenindividualsandsociety,andstrivingforavirtuouscircle,,ecologicalcivilizationistheprerequisite,thematerialcivilizationisthefoundation,thepoliticalcivilizationistheguarantee,ilizationsisacorrectresponsetothedevelopmenttrendofhumansociety,andanothermilestoneinthePartyluationnecessitatesimplementationofthepeople-orientedconceptintheabove-mentionedFiveCivilizationswhichshouldincludeallfieldscoveredbythecoreindicatorsystem.

        ByLiuTao,ResearchTeamon"PolicyofOptimizingtheCirculationSystemofAgriculturalProductsinChina",InstituteofMarketEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo88,SpecializedCooperativesinChinaBasedonsurveysmadeinWeifangCity,ShouguangCityandChangleCountyofShandongProvince,inZhengzhouCityandXinyeCountyofHenanProvince,inChengduCityofSichuanProvince,aswellasinShanghai,wehavefoundthatrecently,especiallyaftertheofficialimplementationoftheLawofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaonSpecializedFarmersCooperativesin2007,thefarmerduallyenhancedBythefirsthalfof2011,therewerealready446,000farmersspecializedcooperativesnationallyregisteredinChina,ion,accountingforabout12%,thetotalamountofcontributionsofthefarmersspecializedcooperativesaroundChinawentupfrom90billionyuanin2007to570billionyuaninthefirsthalfof2011,,thefarmersspecializedcooperativesinShandong,Henan,andsomeotherplacesarethefastestintermsofdevelopment,amo,thefarmersspecializedcooperativesregisteredinShandongProvincewerenearly50,000,%,000andthetotingindustryThedevelopmentofthefarmersspecializedcooperativesinChinahasgraduallyspreadtoanumberofdifferentsectors,includingplanting,breeding,agriculturalmachinery,plantprotectionandtechnicalinformation,withcropfarmingandanimalhusbandrytakingthelion%%.Therefore,theamountofcooperativesinthesetwofieldsholds73%,thespecializedcooperativesinmanyplacesc,,thespecializedcooperativesincropfarminginShandongProvinceare24,594,%,669,%cesrelatedwithagriculturalproductionoperationwhichhasreached14,249,%alesandproductionserviceWiththerapidgrowthinrecentyears,theareasofoperationandrangesofservicehaveexpandedfromtheinformationservicetovariouslinksincludingagriculturalmaterialssupply,agriculturaltechnologyspreading,processing,storage,,ShandongProvince,itislearntthatthecooperativesfocusedonsalesasmajorserviceaccountforabout53%,technicalconsulting,technicaltraining,andsupplyofmeansofproductionholdfor32%.Theonescenteringonprocessingservicetakeup12%,somecooperativeshave,throughpilotpractice,candcross-sectordevelopmentswitnessafastgrowthWiththeexpansionofmanagementscaleandtheintensifiedmarketcompetition,somecooperativeshavescwholebas,,theShouguangXinMengFruitsandVegetablesSpecializedCooperativeUnionestablishedinJuly2011istheonlytrans-regionalcooperativeunionwiththemostnumberofcooperatives,thelargestmembers,nan,Weifang,Weihai,(twojinmakeonekilo)"cooperativeplusfarmers"asthemajorpatternAtpresent,thereareaboutfourtypesofoperatingmodesrelatedtofarmers"cooperativeplusfarmers".Suchcooperativesaregenerallythevoluntaryorg"cooperativeplusproductionbasesplusfarmers".productionbasesandtheybuyorsellthemembers"leadingenterprisespluscooperativesplusfarmers".Suchcooperativesarees"cooperativeunionplusfarmers".This,processing,andmarketingtoget"cooperativesplusfarmers"isthemajorformoffarmersspecializedcooperativesinShandongProvinceamountedto470,000,%,%,zedcooperative,thetypeof"leadingenterprisepluscooperativeplusfarmers"%%respectivelyinthetotalamountofthecooperativesinthetwoProvinces. —Analysison2010EconomicPerformanceandProspectsfor2011DRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceSincethebeginningoftheyearandwiththeimplementationofaseriesofmacroeconomicpolicies,soaringcommoditypricesaregettingstabilized,assetbubblesarebeingreduced,andeconomicgrowthfallsbackquarteronquarterwhilestillkeepingahighgrowthrate,,theenvironmentofexternaldevelopmentisslightlybetterthanthatoflastyelayastablerebound,reachingaround9%,thegovernmentshouldactivelypromotereformsinrelevantfields,acceleratetheadjustmentofeconomicstructureandthetransitionofdevelopmentmode,soastolayasolutionatthebeginningofthisyear,activechangeshavetakenplaceinthedynamicstructureofeconomicgrowth,formingasoundpatterninwhichinvestment,consu,thesoaringcommoditypriceshavebecomestabilized,addressingissuesarisingfromtheint,Chinaseconomyswiftlyreverse,t,thegovernment-ledinvestmentgrowthhasbeenongradualdecline,,governmentbudgetaryandstate-ownedenterprise%%respectively,%%respectively;theinvestmentbydome%whichwasslightlylowerthanthelevelinlastyear(%);theinves%,%,%,resultingmainlyfromhigh-spe,thestimuluseconomicpoliciesi,homeappliances,furnitureandtourism,th%,afterallowingforretailprices,,bothdynamicsandefficiencyofpolicystimulusmeasureswereweakened,publicfinanceexpendituresinpeopleslivelihoodincludingsocialsecurity,employment,medical,residents,theactualgrowthofgrossretailsalesofsocialconsumergoodshasbeenstabilizedatahighlevel,%.2.ExportresumesswiftgrowthwithincreasingshareinglobaltotalDrivenbyglobaleconomysreboundingandincreasedexternaldemand,China;,%yearonyear,sexportsharestillkeepsincreasinginthewholeworld,%,Chinasexportwasseverelyimpactedin2009,itsdropisstillmuchlowerthantheglobalaveragestandard,thenthesharewasontheriseagain,%.Anditishopefultobreakthrough10%,nearingthepeakvaluesofGermanysandJapansexporthasresumedthehigh-speedgrowthandtheshareofChina:,One,emergingeconomiesanddevelopingcountriesoccupiedmorethan50%exportmarket,theywereslightlyimpactedbyfinancialcrisisandstillkeepfasteconomicdevelopment,,theinternationalmarketingcompetitiveedgeamongprivateenterpriseshadbecomesharper,andtheexportgrowthofenterprisesinothertypeswhichwereprimarilybasedonprivateenterpriseswasobviouslyhig,theChinesegovernmentraisedexportrebaterate,increasingexportcredit,providingexportenterpriseswithmorefavorablemeasuresincludingfinancialsupports,soastoalleviatetheimpactoffinancialcrisistoexport-orientedenterprisesproductioncapacity,thenmajorityofenterprisesproductionwasbouncedback,.SoaringcommoditypricesgetstabilizedwithreducedrisksofassetpricingbubblesImpactedbynaturaldisasterssuchasunusuallycoldspellinearlyspring,floodthreatandpriceinflationofagriculturalproductsininternationalmarketandotherfactors,consumerpricesofhouseholdsinfirsteightmonthsobviouslywitnessedthefluctuantincreasingprocess,%inAugust,butcurrently,,theworldeconomicrecoverywassloweddownwithpricesofbulkcommoditiesbeingrelativelylowered,,althoughgrainoutputwasslightlycutthisyear,itisabundantinthestorageandstronginregulationcapacitywithpricesforpartsofagriculturalproductsbeingalmostclosetoandevenhigherthanpricesininternationalmarket,,theporkpricesincreasedinoffseason,hog/,thegrowthofconsumerpricesofhouseholdswillnotbehigherthanthereductionofthecarry-overeffectoflastyear,althoughboththesalesvolumeandhousingpricesinsomecitieswerereboundedtosomeextent,thesalesareaofcommercialresidentialbuildingshavepostedanegativegrowthsinceMay,somedevelopershavebeenpressedhardbytheshortageoffundsandthestockisobviouslyontherise,itisestimatedthatthehousingpriceswillbedroppedattheendofthisyear,,moneycreditsupplyhasalreadyreturnedtotheappropriategrowthlevel,bothoverheatedeconomyandinflati,sincethebeginningofthisyear,theimpetusofdomesticdemandgrowthturnedfrompolicypromotiontomarketdrivenwiththeexportbeingpromotedatafastspeed,indicatingthatChinaseconomicperformancehassuccessfullybrokenawayfromthenegativeimpactofglobaleconomiccrisis,,itwilldragthegrowingmomentumoftotalinvestmenttofall;theexportgrowthwasonthedeclinemonthbymonthafterMayaffectedbytheslowrecoveryofworldmajoreconomies,andChinaseconomicgrowthinthird%.


          ——Ananalysisofeconomicsituationinthefirsthalfof2011andprospectsforthewholeyearDRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceSince2011,theworldeconomyhasassumeda"double-trackgrowth"inbothdevelopedeconomiesandemergingectheobjectiveofpricecontrolinthefirstplace,thedrasticpricerisehasbeenalleviated,CPIpeakvaluei,adofbeingmadeeasy,,weshouldexpeditethestructuralreadjustmentanddispelunderlyingrisksand,meanwhile,weshouldmakethebestuseofthecircumstancesandputforthefforttoplanandadvancethereformofrelatedkeysectorstocreatefavorableconditionsforalonger,arSincethefourthquarteroflastyear,thepressureofpricerisehasstrengtheneddramatically,%%onsandhavepresentedfollowingnewcharacteristics:First,thetime-lagrelat,M1growthhasarelativelystablerelationshipwithCPI,namely,,M1%.TheCPIpeakvalueisnotyetfndthesizableliquidityonthemarket,,theretrench,edrasticriseoffoodprices,whilenon-foodpricesremainedrelativelystable,mmodityprices,thenon-foodpriceshavegoneupbyawidemargin,withthedegreeofr,thewagegrowthinthemanufacturingindustryhasbeengraduallytransmittedtotheservicesectorandthelaborcosthasgoneupatlarge,w,pricesofupstreamproductshaveb,theriseinpricesofstaplecommoditieshasslightlydrivenupthepurchasepricesofrawmaterial,fuelandmotivepowerforindustrialenterprises,leadingtoasharpriseinconsumerpricesofrawmaterialindustry,theprocessingindustry,enterprisesandtheriseinpricesofsuchproductionfactorsaslaborforce,theabilityofmidstreamanddownstreamindustriesandthatofintermediatelinkstodi,beingawareofthisroundofpricerisebeforehand,havepromptlya,,throughcontinuousincreaseofthedepositreserveratioandtheinterestratesandtheoptimizationofthecreditstructure,intermsofthecurrentmoneycredit,exchangerateandfunddemandandsupply,monetaryconditionshavebeenturnedfrom"easyconditions"to"adaptableconditions"andthemo,,,%,,withtheseasonaldownfallofthevegetableandfruitpricesandthecomprehensivegovernanceoftheintermediatelinks,themonth-on-monthfoodpriceshavegonedowncontinuouslysinceMarch,withtheratiobeingcontrolledat11%,thesummergraincropshaveseenanotherbumperharvestandtheinfluenceofspeciald,affectedbysuchfactorsastheslowdownoftheworldeconomicgrowthandtheshort-termreboundofUSdollar,pricesofstaplecommoditieshavereduced,PPIforChineseindustrialproducersandthepriceindexforimportedgoodshavedeclinedan,,pricesofmostChine,%inMayfromaye%.Recently,:,theporkpricemaygodownslightlyinthelatterhalfoftheyear,,althoughtheUnitedStateshasnotputoutthethirdroundofquantitativeeasymonetarypolicy(QE3)asitseconomicgrowthislowerthanexpected,itsunemploymentrateremainshigh,,largeamountsofduefundswillstillbeusedtopurchasebonds,,thedollarindexisnotmotivatedforacontinuousreboundinashortperiodoftime,andthepricesofstaplecommoditieswillremainhigh.ByZhangJunkuoHouYongzhi,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomy,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo036,odeThecharacterandfeaturesofapropermodeofdevelopmentarechangeableandarehighl,,industrializationandurbanizationhavedifferentprimarytasksandalsodifferentimpetuses,,intheprimarystageofindustrialization,accelerateddevelopmentisgenerallytheprimarytaskandincreasedmaterialca,however,betterdevelopmentisgenerallytheprimarytaskandtechnologicalinnovationandhumancapi,themodeofdevelopmentwearetryingtoshapeshouldbeconsistentwiththeprocessofChinasindustrializationandurbanizationandinconformitywiththeinternalandexternalenvironmentsofChina,itshouldbeamodeofdevelopmentthatiscomprehensive,coordinated,highlyefficient,universallybeneficial,,Chinasmodeofeconomicdevelopmentisfraughtwithprominentcontradictionsandproblems,whichhaveseriouslyaffectedthesteadyperformanceoftheeconomyatthemomentandalsoconst,,llyrestrained,thechangeofth,wemustconsiderbothnecesssassociatedwiththemodeofdevelopmentandalsothefactorsandtheirintensityaffectingthechangeofthemodeofdevelopment,webelievethatasu,Chinamustemphasizekeyareasandfocusontheeliminationofthep,itshouldestablishsystemsandmechanismstosupportscientificdevelop,theprominentcontradictionsassociatedwiththemodeofdevelopmentcanbevisiblyeased,andthemodeofdevelopmentwillbecomemorecompatiblewithChinasnationalcondit,ChinashouldfurtherimprovesystemsandmechanismssoastofundamentallyeliminatethesystemandpolicyfactorsthatimpedescientificdevelopmentandshouldformamodeofeconomicdevelopmentinconformitywithChina,coordinated,highlyefficient,universallybeneficial,(1),Chinasmodernizationshouldbeonethatfeaturescomprehensivedevelopment,includinghumandevelopment,insmprehensiveprogressineconomicconstruction,politicalconstruction,culturalconstruction,socialconstructionandecologicalconstruction.(2)ay,theeconomyandcoordinatethedevelopmentbetweeneconomyandsocietyandbetweeneconomyandnature.(3)sbasicnationalconditionsthatitspercapitanaturalendo,itmustworkhardtoboosttheutilizationefficiencyofnaturalresources,,thenewmodeofdevelopmentmusthelpoptimizetheallocationofresourcesandfactorsbetweendifferentsectorsandregionsandbetweenurbanandruralareassoastoenhancetheefficiencyofresourceallocation.(4)richfirstthroughhonestlaborandlegaloperationfordecades,allowingalsnewexpectations,butalsoaninevitablerequirementtopromoteharmoniouscoexistencebetweenvarioussocialclasses,expanddomesticdemand,opmentfruit.(5)enorth-southdevelopmentgapintheworldtodayisnotmainlybecausethecountriesinthenor,itismainlybecausethecountriesinthenorthhasmaintainedeconomicgrowthforoveracentury,whilethoseinthesouthhavefailedtoachievesusta,theChinesepeoplehavehadenoughtoeatandweaourcesandtheenvironmentandthatdevelopmentshouldacquirelastingimpetusthroughcontinuoustechnologicaladvanceandinnovation.(6),,sdhtofthechangestotheinternalandexternalconditionsandtotheenvironment.九号BBIN体育 

 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